Built in 203 AD, this arch is nearly 70 feet high. On both sides identical monumental inscriptions dedicate it to the Emperor Septimius Severus and his son Caracalla; the fourth line, which was erased and rewritten, gave the name of Septimius' other son, Geta assassinated by his brother after their father's death. The bases of the columns illustrate the salient events of two victorious campaigns in the Middle East, including Roman soldiers carrying off Parthian prisoners.
Of the numerous basreliefs that feature on this arch, two splendid panel over the minor arches records the most memorable moments from Septimius' Parthian expeditions: the Roman Army departs, the Emperor speaks, enemy cities are captured...
In the centre of the major arch stands Mars (Roman God of war) surrounded by winged Victories with the four seasons at their feet.
Septimius Severus. Born in Africa (193-211 AD), married whit a Syrian noblewoman had two sons, Caracalla and Geta.