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Piazza del Plebiscito, Naples Italy: This noble semicircular piazza (19th Century) is enclosed on one side by the royal palace, on the other by the neoclassical façade of the church of San Francesco di Paola, built on the model of the Pantheon in Rome and prolonged by a curving colonnade.Two equestrian statues stand in front of the church: one, by Canova, depicts Ferdinand I of Bourbon, the other is of Charles III of Bourbon. The royal palace was built at the beginning of the 17th Century by the architect Domenico Fontana and has been remodelled several times. The façade retains more or less its original appearance. Piazza del Municipio, Naples Italy: The port of Naples has been protected by this odd, beautiful castle, looming over the harbour behind the Palazzo Reale and San Carlo, for some 700 years now. Charles of Anjou built it in 1279: many Neapolitans still call it by the curious name of Maschio (male) Angioino. Most of what you see today, however, including the eccentric, ponderous round towers, is the work of Guillermo Sagrera, the great Catalan architect who built the famous Exchange in Palma de Mallorca. Maschio Angioino, Naples Italy: This imposing castle, surrounded by deep moats, was built in 1282 by Pierre de Chaulnes and Pierre d'Angincourt, the architects of Charles I of Anjou. It was modelled on the castle at Angers. A remarkable triumphal arc embellishes the entrances on the town side.This masterpiece bearing sculptures to the glory of the House of Aragon, was built to designs by Francesco Laurana in 1467. Access to the Sala dei Baroni is via the staircase in the inner courtyard (at the far end on the left).
Parco Virgiliano, Naples Italy: Also called the Garden of Remembrance, the park has spendid views over the Bay of Naples, from Cape Miseno to the Sorrento Peninsula, as well as the island of Procida, Ischia and Capri. Gallery Umberto I, Naples Italy: Opposite the San Carlo is the grandest interior in southern Italy, the Galleria Umberto I. This great glass-roofed arcade, perhaps the largest in the world, was begun in 1887, nine years after the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele in Milan. The arcade is cross-shaped, with a pretty mosaic of the zodiac on the floor at the centre, and its arching dome is 184ft tall. The Neapolitans do not seem to like it as much as they once did: even at high noon, you are likely to find its vast spaces deserted but for a few small clouds of forceful, grey-suited men arguing politics around the entrances. Piazza della Borsa, Naples Italy
The Vesuvius, Naples Italy: Until the earthquake of AD 62 and the eruption of AD 79 which buried Herculaneum and Pompeii, Vesuvius seemed extinct; its slopes were clothed with famous vines and woods. By 1139, seven eruptions had been recorded. Then came a period of calm during which the slopes of the mountains were cultivated. On 16 December 1631 Vesuvius had a terrible awakening, destroying all the settlements at its foot: 3000 people perished. Piazza del Gesù, Naples Italy: Coming from Via Toledo, your introduction to this world is the cramped, disorderly Piazza del Gesù Nuovo. It's decorated by the gaudiest and most random of Naples' monuments, the Guglia della immacolata. A guglia (pinnacle) is a kind of rococo obelisk, dripping with frills, saints and putti. The unsightly and unfinished façade behind the Guglia, covered with pyramidal extrusions in dark basalt, belongs to the church of Gesù Nuovo. As strange as it is, the façade which was originally part of a late 15th-century palace, has become one of the landmarks of Naples. The interior is typically lavish Neapolitan Baroque, gloriously overdone in acres of colored marbles and frescoes, some by Solimena.

Naples is the capital city of the Campania region and the Province of Naples. Its metropolitan area is the second most populated in Italy and one of the largest in Europe. It is located halfway between the volcano, Vesuvius and a separate volcanic area, the Campi Flegrei